eosinophilic esophagitis treatment – A Detailed Guide

Today we discuss eosinophilic esophagitis treatment. Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic immune system disorder in which large numbers of a type of white blood cell, the eosinophil, accumulate in the esophagus. The esophagus is the muscular tube that food passes through from the mouth to the stomach, and eosinophils are involved in the body’s defense against infection. In people with eosinophilic esophagitis, itching and swelling occur when food or other substances cause an allergic reaction.

Eosinophilic esophagitis symptoms can include heartburn, chest pain, trouble swallowing, food getting stuck in the esophagus, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. The condition is often mistaken for GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) because both disorders can cause similar symptoms. However, treating eosinophilic esophagitis requires a different approach than treating GERD. In this article, we will discuss eosinophilic esophagitis treatment in detail.

eosinophilic esophagitis treatment:

There are two types of eosinophilic esophagitis treatment: avoidance and pharmacological treatment.

Avoidance treatment involves eliminating potential allergens from your diet. Your doctor will likely recommend that you see a registered dietitian who can help you identify and avoid foods that trigger your symptoms.

You may need to avoid common triggers such as milk, wheat, soy, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish. You may also need to avoid food additives such as preservatives and flavors. An elemental or amino acid-based formula may be recommended if you cannot tolerate any solid foods.

Pharmacological treatment involves using medications to reduce inflammation. Topical corticosteroids are the most common type of medication used to treat eosinophilic esophagitis.

These drugs are swallowed in liquid form and work by reducing inflammation in the lining of the esophyx. Swallowing pills can be difficult for some people with eosinophilic esophagitis because of the inflamed condition of their throat. In these cases, corticosteroids can be given intravenously or injected into the muscles lining the esopahgus.

Other immunomodulators such as cyclosporine or mycophenolate mofetil may also be used to treat eosinophilic esophagitis. These drugs work by suppressing immunity and are typically only used when topical steroids are ineffective.
It’s important to note that there is no cure for eosinophilic esophagitis and treatment focuses on managing symptoms and preventing flares. It’s also important to work with a team of specialists because eosinophilic esophagitis can affect different parts of your body and managing the condition requires a multidisciplinary approach.

Conclusion:

Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic immune system disorder that requires lifelong management. Treatment focuses on the avoidance of potential allergens and the use of medication to reduce inflammation. It’s important to work with a team of specialists to create a treatment plan that meets your individual needs. There is currently no cure for eosinophilic esophagitis, but with proper treatment, many people are able to manage their symptoms and live full lives .

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